Generation, biochemical characterizations and validation of potent nanobodies derived from alpaca specific for human receptor of advanced glycation end product
Mohammed Ahmed, et al’s published a new article titled “Generation, biochemical characterizations and validation of potent nanobodies derived from alpaca specific for human receptor of advanced glycation end product” was accepted by BBRC on October 1st and on October 08, 2021 became online on https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006291X2101398X?via%3Dihub.
Prof. Tengchuan Jin and Dr Huan Ma are corresponding authors,congratulations to all authors.
Keywords: Nanobody; RAGE; phage display; hS100B; Antibody; V-C1 domain.
A detrimental role of the receptor for the advanced glycation end product (RAGE) has been identified in the immune response, and various pathological conditions and its V and C1 domains in the extracellular region of RAGE are believed to be the main ligand-binding domains. Consequently, specific inhibitors targeting those domains could be of clinical value in fighting against the pathological condition associated with RAGE over-activation. Single-domain antibodies, also called nanobodies (Nbs), are antibody fragments engineered from the heavy-chain only antibodies found in camelids, which offer a range of advantages in therapy. In this study, we report the development and characterization of the VeC1 domain-specific Nbs. Three Nbs (3CNB, 4BNB, and 5ENB) targeting V-C1 domain of human RAGE were isolated from an immunized alpaca using a phage display. All of these Nbs revealed high thermostability.3CNB, 4BNB, and 5ENB bind to V-C1 domain with a dissociation constant (KD) of 27.25, 39.37, and 47.85 nM, respectively, using Isothermal Titration Calorimetry (ITC). After homodimerization using human IgG1-Fc fusion, their binding affinity improved to 0.55, 0.62, and 0.41 nM, respectively, using Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR). Flow cytometry showed all the Fc fusions Nbs can bind to human RAGE expressed on the cell surface. Competitive ELISA further confirmed their V-C1-hS100B blocking ability in solution, providing insights into the applicability of Nbs in treating RAGE-associated diseases.