Xiafei's manuscript titled with Crystal Structure Analysis and Conformational Epitope Mutation of Triosephosphate Isomerase, a Mud Crab Allergen was published online at J. Agric Food Chemon Oct 31st, 2019. Congratulations.
Currently, the first author of this paper, Miss Xiafei, is a second year master student at Jimei University. Prof. Tengchuan Jin and Prof. Guangming Liu of Jimei University are corresponding authors. Congratulations to all authors.
The triosephosphate isomerase (TIM), Scy p 8, is a crab allergen and shows cross-reactivity in the shellfish. Here, recombinant Scy p 8 was expressed, and its crystal structure was determined at a resolution of 1.8 Å. The three-dimensional structure of Scy p 8 is primarily composed of a (β/α)8-barrel motif prototype. Additionally, Scy p 8 showed cross-reactivity with high sequential and secondary structural identity among TIMs from shellfish species. The site-directed mutagenesis of critical amino acids of conformational epitopes was carried out, and the mutants of Trp 168 and Lys 237 to Ala reduced immunoglobulin E (IgE)-binding activity by approximately 30%, compared with wild-type TIM in an inhibition ELISA; however, it still induced basophil activation despite the interpatient variability between patients. These results can help to provide an accurate template for the analysis of the IgE binding and establish meaningful relationships between structure and allergenicity.